Though Mirbar considers dolphins part of the environment, he and fellow fishermen also regard the dolphins as competitors that eat the very fish that are the men’s livelihood. Ans. Ans: The Guddu Barrage is built on the river Indus. KATIE ARMSTRONG, NG STAFF. 2. Hamid Khan and his team placed the animal in his car, spraying it with water to keep it hydrated as they sped through traffic to release it back into the river. What’s more, faced with limited funding and outdated equipment, the small rescue team must get creative in saving dolphins—which often means investing their own resources, says Hamid Khan. The Guddu Barrage Command area of the Ghotki Feeder has five drains with a length of 4,970 miles and the under-construction Right Bank Outfall Drain-II has a length of 170 miles. Finally, irrigation and flood control purposes were duly met after guddu barrage. The Guddu Barrage - Chapter Summary - English IX Chapter Summary from "The Guddu Barrage" for class 9th, D(, Ninth Class There are two main problems connected with the rivers. Guddu Barrage (Guddubarrage) - is a dam (a barrier constructed across a stream to impound water) and has the latitude of 28.4333 and longitude of 69.7333. Guddu barrage was inaugrated on 1st March 1965 Sukkur Barrage is one of the most important and strategic structure of the Indus Basin irrigation system. (See photos of river dolphins around the world.). Guddu barrage was constructed in.... A. Ans. SOURCE: BRAULIK AND OTHERS, “HABITAT FRAGMENTATION AND SPECIES EXTIRPATION IN, FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS; CAUSES OF RANGE DECLINE OF THE INDUS RIVER DOLPHIN (PLATANISTA GANGETICA MINOR),”. We get benefit from the Guddu Barrage in the following ways: 1. Now, they’ve not only cut off … Discovery of Natural Gas and construction of barrage across Indus River has transformed Guddu, Sindh, Pakistan into a modern town. Fishermen in these provinces tell an origin story for the species. Guddu Barrage: The barrage is 1355 m (4445 ft.) long and is now considered to pass flood discharges of 34,000 cumec (1.2 million cusec). Read More . (Explore our beautiful graphic of the Indus River, a lifeline for millions.). (Read about the first new species of river dolphin found in a century.). Q.4 What are the benefits of Guddu Barrage? Kotri Barrage is also known as Ghulam Muhammad Barrage named after then Governor General. Q.4 What are the benefits of Guddu Barrage? Ans. Construction of the barrage was started in 1927 and was commissioned in 1932 with command area of about 8 million acres/3.2 million hectors; about 80% of the agricultural land in Sindh depends on this Sukkur Barrage. It control the flow of water in the flood season and in this way life and property can be protected from floods. Modern peoples of the Sindh and Punjab Provinces are considered the Harappa’s direct descendants, and value the dolphin as part of their heritage. If that happens, he asks, “What will our children see?”, One of world's rarest dolphins rebounding in Pakistan, Photograph courtesy of François Xavier Pelletier, WWF, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2020/06/rare-indus-dolphins-rebounding-pakistan.html, Explore our beautiful graphic of the Indus River, a lifeline for millions, See photos of river dolphins around the world, Read about dolphins in Brazil who help fishermen make their catch, Read about the first new species of river dolphin found in a century, See videos revealing the power of dams—and dam removal, perhaps the most notable in December 2019, Learn about the difficulties involved in rescuing wild animals, beautiful underwater photos of freshwater animals. … a population of 132 in 1972 to 1,987 in 2018. Vast reservoirs of natural gas were discovered at Sui, Balochistan in 1953 to pave the way for the development of a gigantic power system at Guddu, Sindh. Q.1 What is a barrage? Construction of the barrage was started in 1927 and was commissioned in 1932 with command area of about 8 million acres/3.2 million hectors; about 80% of the agricultural land in Sindh depends on this Sukkur Barrage. The total cost of project is estimated at Rs20bn. The Sindh Wildlife Department has spread the word to local communities to call a hotline if they spot a trapped dolphin in a pond or canal. Guddu Barrage is built on the Indus River near Kashmore in the Sindh province of Pakistan. 1962 B. Descon Engineering Limited, Construction Division has won a project for construction of Act2 50MW Wind Power Complex & Artistic 50MW Wind Power Complex at Jhimpir, Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan. How have rivers served men? The barrage is 1355 m in length and has three main feeder canals . It’s a similar story throughout Pakistan: Widespread construction of diversion dams called barrages have effectively destroyed the species’ habitat. The sonar is so advanced that it can sense the difference between a dead or living fish. Descon Bags Project from Maple Leaf Cement Factory Ltd. But a dam at the western end of the park restricts their ability to travel freely during the monsoon season, a crucial part of their life cycle. The British supervised the construction of one of the most complex irrigation networks in the world. However, a rigorous government conservation program has educated local communities, rescued stranded dolphins, and is steadily increasing their numbers, Khan says. It is one of the important barrages of Pakistan. It irrigates an area of 2.7 million acres. Engro, an energy company that works with the thermal power plant connected to Guddu dam, did not respond to requests for comment about the dam’s impacts on the species. Guddu Barrage Guddu Barrage is a barrage across river Indus, near Kashmore in Pakistan. For one, these marine mammals are very sensitive to loud noises and human presence, and can suffer from health problems such as high blood pressure when being evacuated. D. Tigris River. A. Indus River Another technology that could help conserve dolphins is planting “pingers” near the openings to canals. Q4. The Indus River dolphin is one of just two species known to lie on its side and flap its tail, a behavior called side-swimming. C: Chenab. Before Ayub: Balloki-Sulemanki Link Canal was established during 1951-54 to deliver water from Ravi to Sutlej Ans. The answer to them is a barrage. While the rescue was successful, it's unknown whether the animal survived. Beyond dams, water pollution and industrial waste dumped into the Indus pose the gravest long-term threat to the dolphins. Guddu Barrage was constructed on ? The WWF reports that each year in the area, at least one dolphin dies when it’s accidentally trapped in fishing nets. Question: The purpose of a darn is to control the flow of water in floods and _____ water so that canals can get water for the … It consists of 64 gates (with 18.3 m or 60 ft span) and a navigation gate (with 15.2 m or 50 ft span). We get benefit from the Guddu Barrage in the following ways: 1. 2. Q.4 What are the benefits of Guddu Barrage? Do calves find their mothers, for instance? In the legend, when a woman offers butter and milk to a mystic patron of the river, the waters part and she safely crosses to the other side. Q.4 What are the benefits of Guddu Barrage? In general, “the dolphin is a friend of humans,” says Khadim Hussain, a representative of a fishermen advocacy organization in Taunsa, a city in Punjab Province. Q3. More than 5000 people worked day and night to put it into operation on February 4, 1962. Guddu barrage was constructed in the regime of Presidentt Sikandar Mirza across Indus River near Sukhur. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river Indus.  Construction of a single additional spur on the left bank of the River Indus upstream of Guddu Barrage to improve the river approach conditions. Nazir Mirani, the son of a fisherman, has worked with Sindh Wildlife for 30 years; he has bite marks on his hands from past rescues. It control the flow of water in the flood season and in this way life and property can be protected from floods. For fisherman Gul Mohammed Mirbar, the dolphin is a lifelong companion; he was 10 years old when he first saw one. It control the flow of water in the flood season and in this way life and property can be protected from floods. “Every rescued animal needs to be tagged,” Uzma Khan says. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river Indus. Ans. People rescue two Indus river dolphins in the Kirthar Canal, near Sukkur. Guddu Barrage is located in Kashmore with a length of 4445 feet and 64 gates. THE GUDDU BARRAGE . Mcq Added by: Adden wafa. “In the past, some people used to eat the dolphin. One is how to get water from them all the year round and the other is how to escape from their floods. Adnan Hamid Khan, the deputy conservator in Sukkur for the Sindh Wildlife Department, has participated in several rescues, perhaps the most notable in December 2019. It is very useful. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- Ans. Guddu Barrage (Guddubarrage) - (Pakistan) Map, Weather and Photos. That’s how fast she is,” Mirbar says, adding that the dolphins target large and small fish alike. The dolphin’s long beak easily snaps up fish and other prey. Q.4 What are the benefits of Guddu Barrage? Its colors—brown, a range of grays, or rarely, a dusky pink—help the animal blend into the sediment-laden river. 1963 C. 1964 D. 1965. on Gudu Barrage was constructed on which river? Q3. We get benefit from the Guddu Barrage in the following ways: 1. Required fields are marked *. B: Satlej. Locally known as bhulan in the Urdu and Sindhi languages, the Indus dolphin “has been in the Indus for thousands of years, and is a mark of the Harappa civilization,” says Mir Akhtar Talpur, a field officer for Sindh Wildlife Department, a government agency. Fish passes in Kotri barrage were not properly designed to facilitate migration of hilsa. Q.2 What are the benefits of the Guddu barrage? The barrages were built in the mid-20th century to control flooding and provide irrigation, and in some cases have been repurposed for power plants. It is connected to almost 6166-mile long canal network to irrigate almost 5 million acres of agricultural land. Ans. What the rescuers lack in resources, they make up for in dedication. Two things happened in the beginning of this century’s second half, within ten years of each other: vast reservoirs of natural gas were discovered at Sui (Balochistan) in 1953 to pave the way for development of a gigantic power system in the years to come, and Guddu barrage was constructed across the river Indus by WAPDA in 1963. In the bottom left corner of the image, the river is pinched by the Guddu Barrage, a C-shaped barrier constructed to facilitate irrigation in nearby Sindh province. Guddu Barrage Guddu barrage was constructed in the regime of Presidentt Sikandar Mirza across Indus River near Sukhur. KATIE ARMSTRONG, NG STAFF. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river Indus. Inaugurated by Field Marshal AYUB KHAN. On a sunny afternoon in February, he rows his wooden boat across the river at Lab-e-Mehran park, where he earns money giving boat rides to tourists and park visitors hoping to catch a glimpse of the rare dolphin. 2021 National Geographic Partners, LLC. The barrages were built in the mid-20 th century to control flooding and provide irrigation, and in some cases have been repurposed for power plants. The barrage was constructed at a location where the Indus was meandering and the river width was 11 to 13 km. Sukkur barrage was inaugrated by lord Wellington on 13th jan 1932. Guddu Barrage was constructed on ? You have to give instant relief and make a decision in that moment on how you’ll resolve things,” he says. A barrage is a kind of wall constructed across the river which has gates. The meeting decided that a new barrage needed to built at Sukkur. President Iskander Mirza laid foundation-stone of the Guddu Barrage on February 2, 1957. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river Indus. Q4. The maximum discharge capacity of Guddu Barrage is 1200000 cusecs (m3/ s-1) 18. Commission Exams Past Papers and Syllabus, Current Speaker and Deputy Speaker of Pakistan MCQs, Current Special Assistant to PM Pakistan Mcqs, Every International Organization Headquarter MCQs, Current Presidents of International Organization MCQs, Current Chief Justices and Secretaries of Pakistan MCQs, Current Opposition Leaders of Pakistan Mcqs. Guddu barrage is built on the river Indus and it put in to operation on 4 th 1962. Ans: Rivers have served men in the following ways: “They have served as trade route before the road and railways constructed people on trade by boats and ships”. Sukhur Barrage; It is the barrage near Sukhur across the Indus river. Posts Tagged with… Gudu Barrage, Gudu Barrage was constructed on. Guddu Barrage: It was constructed between 1956 and 1962 Taunsa Barrage: Its construction began in 1953 Warsak Dam: Its construction began in 1956 Baran Dam: Started in 1950s. Guddu barrage is built on the river Indus and it put in to operation on 4 th 1962. The Sukkur Barrage serves over 20,000 km 2 (7,700 sq mi). The barrage is 1355 m in length and has three main feeder canals. Collaboration, between local and international conservation groups brought the species from. … Ans: The Guddu Barrage is one of the biggest barrages in Pakistan, which has been built on the Indus river. (See videos revealing the power of dams—and dam removal.). We get benefit from the Guddu Barrage in the following ways: 1. My father told them, Don’t eat the dolphin, because this is an innocent animal, and it’s the beauty of the river.”, Much about the Indus dolphin remains shrouded in mystery, including this: What happens to rescued dolphins once they’re set free in the river? Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The barrage was compl (See beautiful underwater photos of freshwater animals. How have rivers served men? Studies have found DDT and other pesticides in the animals’ tissue, according to Uzma Khan, Asia coordinator for WWF’s River Dolphins Initiative. It blocks the flow of water. Discussion Form. He remembers the gharial, a crocodile that once lived in the Indus but is now locally extinct..He doesn’t want the dolphin to suffer the same fate. Guddu Barrage, located in the district of Kashmore in the north of Sindh Province, was constructed during 1957-1962 and has shown deterioration in the superstructure, weakness of barrage gates and corrosion of head regulator gates. As the water softly laps against the rocky riverbank, a pink dolphin surfaces with a splash, then disappears beneath the water. Submitted By: Ahmed. Kotri and Guddu barrage, which were constructed in 1956 and 1962, have included fish passes to facilitate hilsa migration. ), The dolphin has evolved to thrive in the Indus. Ans. “And it doesn’t pose any harm to fisherfolk. In a secluded pocket of Pakistan’s Lab-e-Mehran park, the smooth waters of the Indus River break into circular ripples, and the head of a pale gray dolphin appears. Guddu Barrage. “You have to really put in effort [in fishing], or else you can’t catch up with the dolphin. After construction of Sukkur barrage in 1932, hilsa migration was limited to Sukkur barrage since it doesn’t have any fish passes. Some 110 drains of the Left Bank Outfall Drain are spread in the Sukkur and Kotri barrages with a length of 968 miles. President Iskander Mirza laid the foundation-stone of Guddu Barrage on 2 February 1957. Once, the Indus dolphin swam across the Indus River and all of its tributaries, from the Indus delta near the Arabian Sea to the snowcapped Himalaya. In 1932, when the Sukkur Barrage constructed, 2,000,000 acres of Sindh’s land was allotted to the outsiders while before that in 1899 when the Jamrao Canal was being built, 150,000 acres of … Ans: The Guddu Barrage is one of the biggest barrages in Pakistan, which has been built on the Indus river. The devices make a ting ting sound, inaudible to humans, that dolphins avoid. It control the flow of water in the flood season and in this way life and property can be protected from floods. The meeting also noted that Sukkur Barrage had completed its lifecycle and its life was currently being enhanced by another 30 years through major repair and overhauling. A barrage is a kind of wall. “And we need to know, how many dolphins are dying?”. B. Jhelum River “It’s overwhelming because they’re everywhere.”, At the same time, she says, “it’s a situation which can be challenging, because all these dolphins are just in one stretch of the Indus River.”, between local and international conserva-. The barrage was completed in 1962. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river A: Jhelum. Now, they’ve not only cut off the dolphins’ ability to migrate; their diversions also can lead to dangerously low water levels. The construction of Guddu Barrage was completed in 1962. Today, the 200-pound cetacean only occupies 20 percent of its original range. Guddu Barrage Is Built On. Before dams fragmented the species’ habitat, the dolphins would swim upstream to tributaries during the monsoon and return to the Indus in the dry season. See All. Your email address will not be published. “For generations, we’ve been living near the river and sailing in boats. President Iskander … 2. The animal relies largely on an internal sonar system that bounces sound waves off objects to find prey, navigate the river, and communicate with other dolphins. The remaining Indus dolphins are concentrated mostly in the Pakistani province of Sindh, in a 410-mile stretch of river between the Guddu and Kotri dams. D: Indus. C. Nile River How many total number of Barrages made on the Indus river? We fish, and we take care of the dolphin,” says Mirani, as he sits in the shade of a tree and looks out at the sun-streaked river. With the feasibility report now finalised, Guddu barrage’s rehabilitation will start with the bid award for construction. Your email address will not be published. A dolphin calf had swum out of the river and beached in a field in Faiz Ganj Wah, more than 120 miles from Sukkur. 2. Guddu Barrage (Guddubarrage) - (Pakistan) Map, Weather and Photos. Guddu Barrage is used to control water flow in the River Indus for irrigation and flood control purposes. When the dolphin hears the sound of fishermen’s engines on their small boats, it approaches and swims with them.” (Read about dolphins in Brazil who help fishermen make their catch. 2. It was inaugurated by Field Marshal Ayub Khan at that time. There are now 1,987 Indus dolphins in Pakistan, according to the most recent WWF survey, up from 132 animals in 1972. Construction of a single additional spur on the left bank of the River Indus upstream of Guddu Barrage to improve the river approach conditions. The Bronze Age civilization, which blossomed in the Indus River valley, is known for its urban planning and advanced drainage systems. In 2019, WWF-Pakistan and Sindh Wildlife Department rescued a female Indus River dolphin from Dadu canal, in the Larkana district, and transported her via ambulance back to the river. Ans: Rivers have served men in the following ways: “They have served as trade route before the road and railways constructed people on trade by boats and ships”. We get benefit from the Guddu Barrage in the following ways: 1. (Learn about the difficulties involved in rescuing wild animals.). “In wildlife conservation, problems arise very suddenly. Answer: D Answer. Guddu Barrage is used to control water flow in the River Indus for irrigation and flood control purposes. More than 5000 people worked day and night to put it into operation on February 4, 1962. The animal lingers briefly before diving back into the water, its dorsal fin gleaming in the sun. Rehabilitation & Modernization of Guddu Barrage Social Management Framework Executive Summary Guddu Barrage, located in the district of Kashmore in the north of Sindh Province, was constructed during 1957-1962 and has shown deterioration in the superstructure, weakness of barrage gates and corrosion of head regulator gates. Some dolphins can still move through dams if its gates are open—particularly if the animal is young or small—but then they often get trapped in irrigation canals, shallow pools, deep ponds, and sometimes even fields, where they can starve and overheat to death. Posts Tagged with… Gudu Barrage, Gudu Barrage was constructed on. Many of the animals get stuck in pools or canals due to widespread diversion dams called barrages. Question: Guddu Barrage Is Built On Sutluj River Jehlum River Ravi River Indus River Answer: Guddu Barrage Is Built On Indus River Indus River is the location of guddu barrage. Another small population of at least seven animals live in India’s Beas River, an Indus tributary. This quiet riverside park in the southern city of Sukkur, popular with families out for a stroll, is also home to the endangered Indus River dolphin, one of only four freshwater dolphin species left on Earth. On its sturdy body, a small dorsal fin maintains stability as it swims. For rescuers like Mirani, saving the Indus River dolphin is a civic responsibility. Mirani is the third generation in his family to help in conserving dolphins, offering the agency advice and knowledge from his years on the water. … The exact location of the river is kashmore in Sindh province. “If you go downstream from the Guddu [barrage], and you keep sailing, there comes a point where you see dolphins everywhere around you,” Khan says. The Guddu barrage is built on the river Indus . Agriculture & Irrigation System of Pakistan Agriculture & Irrigation System of Pakistan Economics Mcqs. Ans. ), WWF has proposed putting satellite tags on dolphins to track their movements, learn more about their biology, and inform conservation efforts. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river Indus. Pingers usually are used to warn dolphins away from fishing nets, says Uzma Khan, “but we want to test them near canals to see if they stop dolphins from swimming into them.”. But once, she fails to make an acceptable offering—and the river spirit transforms her into a dolphin. SOURCE: BRAULIK AND OTHERS, “HABITAT FRAGMENTATION AND SPECIES EXTIRPATION IN, FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS; CAUSES OF RANGE DECLINE OF, THE INDUS RIVER DOLPHIN (PLATANISTA GANGETICA MINOR),”, Throughout the 20th century, the widespread construction of diversion dams, called barrages fragmented the range of the Indus River dolphin. We get benefit from the Guddu Barrage in the following ways: 1. Prequalification will be conducted through prequalification procedures specified in the World Bank’s Guidelines: Procurement under IBRD Loans and IDA Credits, January 2011, and is It is one of the important barrages of Pakistan. Sukkur Barrage is one of the most important and strategic structure of the Indus Basin irrigation system. 2. And it’s nearly blind, as sight is unnecessary in the river’s murky waters. The rescue process isn’t easy. The maneuver allows the dolphin to move between shallow pools of water in the dry season—but it can’t help the animal cope with the Indus River’s dams. The exact cost of the guddu barrage was 474.8 million rupees after completion in 1962. It control the flow of water in the flood season and in this way life and property can be protected from floods. Works include:  Strengthening, raising and widening of the existing upstream and downstream embankments and river training works on the left and right banks of the River Indus at Guddu Barrage. It controls the flow of water in the flood season and in this way life and property can be protected from floods. Sukkur Barrage (Sindhi: سکر بئراج ‎, Urdu: سکھر بیراج ‎) is a barrage on the River Indus near the city of Sukkur in the Sindh province of Pakistan.The barrage was built during the British Raj from 1923 to 1932 and was named Lloyd Barrage.The Sukkur Barrage, is the pride of Pakistan's irrigation system as it is the largest single irrigation network of its kind in the world. Until hunting was banned in the 1970s, some fishing communities hunted the dolphin for food or for blubber that they mixed with oil to coat their boats. The irrigation and flood control purpose was the big stakes of that government. All rights reserved. it is 2984 Feet Long and started in 1955 13th March. Guddu barrage — being the first barrage over Indus River in Sindh — is supposed to play a crucial role in managing normal river water flows, shortages and emergencies like floods. It has gates through which the water passes in a limited quantity. The Guddu Barrage is 1,350 m (4,430 ft) long – irrigating Sukkur, Jacobabad, Larkana and Kalat. Guddu Barrage (Guddubarrage) - is a dam (a barrier constructed across a stream to impound water) and has the latitude of 28.4333 and longitude of 69.7333. A. River Ravi B. River Indus C. River Jheulum D. River Sutlej. population of 132 in 1972 to 1,987 in 2018. 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